Kyoto is considered as the ancient city where there is no skyscrapers, modern buildings. In return, the former capital is storage of many historical sites, both material culture and spiritual (intangible).
Since becoming the capital of Japan, then called Heian-Kyo, in 794, Kyoto was Japan’s capital whose age is more than 1000 years. It is home to Japanese culture flourished. In Kyoto, there are many Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines that were built in the city and surrounding areas, under the reign of several kings and Shogun (Shogun) and still exist until today. All the temples and ancient temples all show the character of the culture, the politics of the time spent. Therefore, Kyoto can be likened to a museum of Japanese history.
By the late 12th century, when the shogun start time in power, add to the aristocratic culture and Buddhism, imported from China, culture Shogun (Shogun) also began to have an impact and all three cultures are coexist and interact. Especially about 14-15 centuries, under the rule of the shogun, their culture has reflected deeply into idolatry aristocratic culture and the influence of Zen Buddhism again. Age vibrant culture of this can be found from the remains of the Zen temple that was built during this, and the mansion and gardens of the shogun.
Kyoto had time for about 10 years, starting from the 1467 war, and the capital city has been devastated. Many cultural assets in the city center were destroyed. In the late 16th century, when politics has returned to stability, many temples, the temple was rebuilt. However, Shogun culture of this period was also affected by international cultures brought by merchants.
During the Edo period (1603-1868), most of the center of power was moved to Edo (now called Tokyo). During this time, many large and small temples were built everywhere in Japan and many great temples located in Kyoto. There are many people from the provinces of Kyoto look to the great temple to pray worship. Therefore, Kyoto was developed as a center of religious and tourism at the time.
In 1868, the government officially moved from Kyoto to Tokyo. Under the influence of modern culture of the West, there are many policies to modernize the country viscera issued, and turning Kyoto into a modern city. However, the government and the people of Kyoto have always had a special interest in preserving and conserving the cultural heritage of a long history of Kyoto. Many architectural assets have been recognized as national asset of Japan, where a cluster of 17th historic area has been recognized as World Cultural Heritage in 1993.
Ancient capital of Kyoto and surrounding areas covering a vast area currently includes the cities of Kyoto, Otsu, Uji. When you visit the ancient capital will discover: monastery Byodo-in, Kozan temple, pagoda moss Saiho, Tenryu temple, pagoda Rokuon (Kinkakuji Golden Temple), Temple Jisho (Ginkaku-ji temple silver), Ryoan Temple, Nishi Hongan temple; 3 Shrine Shinto include Kamigamo shrine, Shimogamo shrine, temple Ujigami; and 1 castle is the Nijo Castle.