Biskupin is the most well known archaeological site in Poland and also is among the best sites in Europe. It was reconstructed and serves as a life size model of the Iron Age fortified settlement. The site was perhaps established over 700 BC that is more than 2700 years ago when the Roman Empire was founded.
Located in the north central Poland, the site belongs to the group of Biskupin who was of the Lusatian culture. The discovery of this site is quite impressive, as it was founded by the students in the year 1933. The students initially noticed some sticking wooden poles from the lake. They later informed their teacher who then informed professor Kostrzewski from the Poznan. This is how the history of the site began with the excavation work of the site done by Prof. Kostrzewski with his group. The excavation work was continued until the World War II that is in the year 1939.
The museum could be found situated on a marshy peninsula that is in the Lake Biskupin. It lies at a distance of 90 kilometres towards the northeast of Poznan and 8 kilometres towards the south of the small Znin town. This amazing and attractive site has become a part of the state archaeological museum in the Warsaw. The first report of the Biskupin was published in the year 1936 and by the start of 1939; ca. 2500 square metres of area had been excavated. The settlement was then rapidly become popular in Poland and the site started attracting thousands of people from around the country and the globe.
After the excavation and in fact during the excavation, the site used to draw numerous distinguished guests like the officials of the Pilsudski regime, high churchmen like the primate of Poland, and the members of the military as well. This site is known as the Polish Pompeii or the Polish Herculaneum. Biskupin gained more popularity in the world through its paintings that featured everywhere including the popular novels. Considering the settlement of the site, it has two different settlement periods at the site of Biskupin and these follow one another without the hiatus. Both the settlements were arrayed on a rectangular grid along with 11 streets, 3 metres wide.
The older settlement is comprised of ca. 100 oak, pine log houses, and is of same layout with same measurement ca. 8 x 10 metre each. In fact, they include 2 chambers and an open entrance area. At the cenre of the biggest room of Biskupin, there lies an open hearth. There are no superior and great houses that could designate the social stratification. The settlement was bounded by a fortification of 3.5 metre broad and is made of oak trunks, which outline the boxes filled with the earth. The elevation of rampart, that is the defensive wall, is over 450 metre and escorted by a wooden breakwater in the lake.
The site of Biskupin is well preserved by the waters of the lake due to the island. Sitting between the island, the Biskupin is a wonderful place to explore and get fascinated. While reaching to the site, you will definitely think about the old civilization and will hunt to gather as much information as possible to head back to the history of the area.