It had been said that the culture of Ireland is far from being monumental. There are a lot of cultural divides the co exist between city dwellers and rural people in between the Protestant and Catholic people of Northern Ireland, and there are differences amongst the Irish-speaking people outside and inside Gaeltacht regions and the English-speaking that is the majority of the population, and also in between the native population and the new immigrants.
Rural and Farming Tradition
Farming in Ireland has the same activity that goes back to the beginnings of human settlement. In those times, in their society, a cattle represent as the primary source of wealth and is a status symbol amongst them. There are so little changes that took forward since then and during the Norman conquest of Ireland in the 12th century. Giraldus Cambrensis portrayed a role in Gaelic society stating that cattle farming and transhumance is part of the norm. Since it’s origin and after 300 hundred years, the changes had been remarkably little even now that only a quarter of population in Ireland lives in Greater Dublin, the cattle population is around 6.7 million.
Villages, Townlands, Parishes and Counties
The Normans exchanged or replaced the clan-based management with the manorial system of social organisation and land tenure. This had come to the imposition of the village and parish upon the native system townlands. Over all, there was a civil and religious unit which is a parish with a manor, where there is a village and having a church at the centre. In each parish having more than one existing townlands in ints boundaries. With the full addition of English feudalism over Ireland, that the Irish country structure was born.
The structures that had been made played a big role in the everyday life of Irish communities. Not just that the parishes represented religious significance, but it came about with the names in most rural postal addresses of house and towns land. Them village and parish made the subdividing difference that took form of ones local identity building up their sense of loyalty in their native county.
Land hungry and land ownership
There was the Elizabeth English conquest, and the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland and the organized plantation of Scottish and English plantations, the alteration of land ownership had changed greatly. From the older version of transhumance and open range cattle breeding died when it has been replaced with great landed estates. The great change lasted till the end of the 19th century, when the confrontation of the Land League began to bring about the land reform. In this reform the old labourers and tenants became land owners. The process went on with the works of the Irish Land Commission until the 20th century. This was called a cultural phenomenon as the “land hunger” meaning that family farmers great dream and would almost do anything to maintain their land ownership within the family unit and having the ambition of acquiring new and bigger lands.
Families in Ireland
The Constitution of Ireland assures the rights of the family and the institution of marriage. However the economic change affected the brought about changes in family life in the Republic. In figured that had been published in September 2004, 31% of all the births in the Republic of Ireland had is a love child or occurred outside marriage. That is from 5% in 1980. The average age of mothers giving birth to their first child would be 30 and the fertility rate is an average of 1.98 children.
Divorce became legal in Ireland in February 27 1997. There were over 35,100 divorced couples in a census that was shown in 2002 compared from a 9,800 number of divorced couples in 1996.
On a census based research in 2002 88.4% are Roman Catholics, 2.95% are Church of Ireland (Anglicans), .26% are Methodists, .53% are Presbyterian, .05% are Jewish and the rest are other religious groupings.